Numbered Lists In An Essay

The monotony of uninterrupted excerpts and passages of text may make your compositions dull. It is for this reason that most websites have now opted for listed articles. An example would be the top 10 articles that pack quite interesting information within. While this is possible in journalistic articles and magazines, it may not be appropriate for academic writing. Therefore, academic writing incorporates lists and bullet points in a systematic way that elicits all you're points beautifully. We'll be exploring how to list things in an essay, their formats and how to write them using your word processors as numbered lists in an essay.

  1. APA Style

It is the approach used by systems in the behavioral and social sciences for writing and including citations. Numbered lists in a essay follow this pattern within these programs.

How to Make Bullet Statements in APA Writing

Any time you will be writing a phrase, sentence or paragraph and find it necessary to add a list, use the colon at the end, i.e. (:). Each part of the list should be preceded by a numeral and a period, i.e. (1.) when the list has a particular arrangement. Listings that aren't specific guides could be preceded with only bullet points.

The list is aesthetically pleasing when written away from the margin of the previous text, a process called indentation.

The punctuation of this kind of list is dependent on whether each item is interlinked to the previous. If they share a connection, add a semicolon (;) instead of a period at the end of each sentence. The last sentence on the list should, however, end in a period as always.

When your list is completed, you may return to the main composition by skipping a space to delineate the two parts. When tackling the question of how to list things in a essay, you should strive to handle things in this manner.

How to List Things in an Essay by The APA Format

So then, how do you label your lists using the APA style? Well, there are two basic rules.

  • Employ words for numbers one to nine
  • 10 and above should be designated with numerals

Other pointers to consider are:

  1. Use words constantly for
  • Numerals that start a phrase, titles, and headings. Although this may be quite difficult with large numbers. I.e., Ten Reasons The School Cafeteria Was Closed.
  • Common fractions i.e.
    • A third of the senate
    • Four-fifths of the class
  • “Universally acknowledged conventions" for specific proper nouns.
    • The Ten Commandments.
    • The Fifty States
  1. Use numerals constantly for

Numbered lists in a essay usually follow these patterns:

  • Numbers in the synopsis of your paper. The reason is to show your familiarity with the abstract and numerals don't fill up this part of your essay as words would. Remember that the word could be a pronoun that's also composed as a pronoun. As literature rules dictate, a pronoun cannot be depicted by numbers. Here are the examples;
    • Correct: This magazine examines the results of 10 moon landing projects.
    • Correct: The teachers evaluated one another's teaching methods.
    • Incorrect: The teachers evaluated 1 another's teaching methods.
  • Any numeral followed by a universal measurement unit
    • 4 oz.
    • 500 mg of Tylenol.
    • 37.2°C
    • 3 hrs. 6 min
    • 16 €
  • Phrases of mathematical and statistical importance, percentages and proportions, etc.
    • the 35th percentile
    • 3 times as much
    • 3.5% of the population
    • a ratio of 3:2
    • divided by 6
  • Numbers that represent tallies, points on a scale, rates, numbers on a graph, etc.
    • An average of 97.3 on the IQ scale.
    • the B7 note on the piano
  • Numbers that point out a specific point within a series.
    • Chapter 6
    • Volume 3
    • Correct: At 1600hrs, the five officers had entered the compound at positions 3, 4, 5 7 and 10 respectively.
    • Incorrect: At 1600hrs, the five officers had entered the compound at positions three, four, five, 7 and 10 respectively.
  1. Numerals and Words Combined

Numbered lists in a essay can also evolve. Occasionally two numbers collide as noun modifiers, and this may confuse many of your readers if not well articulated. APA style has simplified this by using a union of numerals and words to describe these simultaneous numbers.

  • Six 7-point scales
  • 4 two-way streets
  • Ten 20-year-olds

The concept is well understood when you look at the established phrase, i.e., 20-year-olds. It is expressed as strictly a numeral or word phrase. The precursor can then be either a word or numeral, i.e., Ten.

Those are just a few of the ways to list things in an essay. Next, we'll discuss how to make a list in MLA format.

  1. MLA Style

A scheme for documenting sources in writings of the scholarly nature. For a long time, Modern Language Association (MLA) has been popularized for classrooms and lecture halls as a standard procedure with magazine and newspaper publishers and lecturers alike.

Quoting Using an MLA Numbered List

Along your academic path, your instructors will decide that you need to prepare a research paper. Among the formats you'll need, the ways to list things in an essay would be in MLA style. In these cases, it may be necessary to include lists within your research, but this is contrary to MLA scholarly standards. However, there are loopholes to this rule that will show you how to make a list in MLA format in your academic compositions.

The instructions of your teacher regarding bulleted lists in MLA style texts will be your guide. If they find no fault in adding them, then go right ahead. Just be sure to check yourself and not add too many lists. A good list within your research paper will be one made entirely by your understanding of the subject matter. Quoting a different author's list may look unprofessional and is a waste of the freedom allocated to you within an MLA style text.

It is easier to paraphrase within your essay and include it in a non-bulleted form, i.e., Vegetables that have cancer-protecting vitamins are; mangoes, tomatoes, and citrus fruits.

In-Text Citations of Lists

Employed for:

  1. Including a direct quote to your composition.
  2. Wording a quote differently from its source
  3. Making a summary of explanations from one source.

Several quotation systems exist, but the author-page system is used most frequently. The MLA (Modern Language Association) is the acknowledged criterion for the author-page method of citation and is commonly used in the humanities. They include the surname of the author and the page number of the source in brackets. Whenever you include the author's name within the body of your paper, the standard thing to do would only be to include the page number.

Example: Gatsby was within and without, experiencing his world in a morphed kind of way. It might have been his intention to charm the world, but he sooner forgot himself. (Neville, 123)

Example: According to Neville, Gatsby was within and without, experiencing his world in a morphed kind of way. It might have been his intention to charm the world, but he sooner forgot himself. (123)

Thus, the MLA structure is an in-text method of quoting sources and presents just the right amount of data to help a reader find references and the original text.

Adding a quote from an expert or a reliable source is an excellent way to spice up your paper. However, making the source material your own and paraphrasing it to your advantage is even better for your grades. The only condition is that you must use citations to reference your sources. However, when you do use direct quotations, practice these outline:

  1. Introduce the quote precisely as it was inscribed, with all of its mistakes and omissions. The only condition is that you add the word [sic] after a spelling mistake within a quote

Example: Gatsby was within and withouat [sic]... "

  1. Whenever you leave out part of the quotation, use ellipses and trailing quotation marks (...”) to show that it is not the whole quotation.
  2. Whenever you make a change in the quotation, such as a bold text, highlights, or underline in part of the quotation, indicate it in brackets after the quote.

Example: “Gatsby was within and without [sic] (my bold).

  1. Employ the use of parenthesis ( ) for explanations that you include after a quote and square brackets [ ] for comments that you add within the quotation.
  2. Cite your references. Whenever you employ the use of quotations, always cite the author's name within the text.

Works Cited

This is the references section of your paper and is included at the end of your academic paper. Add it on its page and title it as "Works Cited" at the center of the page. Most writers insert the author's name, the title of the article, and the publication details of the source. All your references and in-text citations should be included here. An attempt to avoid this will only cause your paper to appear 'plagiarized' which in essence is stealing another writer's work and claiming it as your own.

Pointers

  • List your references in alphabetical order depending on the first word in each quotation. Do this by ignoring articles such as 'the' and 'a.'
  • Used double spaces after each citation.
  • Use right margin indentation for wordy references that span more than one sentence.

The following are patterns for source citations in MLA format. Capitalize each word.

  1. Encyclopedias
    Last Name of the Author, Their First Name and Then the Middle Name Which Can Be Written as an Initial. “Name of the Article." Title of Encyclopedia. Year of Edition or Edition Number Ed.
  2. Magazines

Last Name of the Author, Their First Name and Then the Middle Name Which Can Be Written as an Initial. “Name of the Article." Title of the Magazine Day of Month (If appropriate) Month Year: Page Number(s) of the article.

  • Books
    Last Name of the Author, Their First Name and Then the Middle Name Which Can Be Written as an Initial. “Name of the Article." Title of the Book. Location of Publication: Company Name of the Publisher, Publication Year.
  1. Websites
    Last Name of the Author, Their First Name and Then the Middle Name Which Can Be Written as an Initial. “Name of the Article/Document." Title of Website. Ed. Editor's Name (First Name then Last Name). Date of publication, most recent upgrade. Name of organization linked with the site. Date of when you visited the site and accessed the file. <http://www.websiteaddress.com> 

Bullet Points and Numbered Lists Using Word Processor

Now we'll see how to maneuver adding Microsoft Word lists.

  • Bullet Points

Adding bullet points is quite simple:

  • Put the cursor where you are to start the list
  • In the 'Paragraph' section of the 'Home' label
  • Press the 'Bullets' symbol then use the mouse pointer to choose the style of bullets to use.
  • Now you can input the first entry in your list, using the enter key to form a new bullet each time.
  • To finish your list, press the enter key twice after the last point is made.

Use formal kinds of bullets for your academic paper. However, when you feel free to express yourself, you can use the 'define new bullet' option to customize your bullets. They might be snakes, ladders, skulls, and even motorcycles as long as it is preapproved by your instructors and fits the theme of your paper.

  • Numbered Lists

Appropriate for guides and ranking lists. Here's how you add them:

  1. Put the cursor where you are to start the list
  2. In the 'Paragraph' section of the 'Home' label
  3. Press the 'Numbering' symbol and use the cursor to select the style of numbering to use.
  4. Now you can input the first entry in your list, using the enter key to form a new number each time.
  5. To finish your list, press the enter key twice after the last point is made.

Using the 'Define New Number Format' in the menu will let you modify the numbering style.

Conclusion

We are delightfully at the end of our article, having explored how to list things in an essay. From the MLA numbered list structure we've learned how to make a list in MLA format. We are hopeful that this piece will help you know ways to list things in an essay and rise to the occasion of academic writing.

Do you have any additional tips on how to list things in a essay? Be sure to give us your comments and questions.